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Emergency Preparedness Toolkit for Primary Care Providers 

Storm-destruction

Abstract

Objective

Recent events over the past decade have highlighted the need for communities to prepare for natural/man-made disasters and as a nation, foster a culture of preparedness. A specific area of concern is how the medical needs of communities are addressed prior to and in the aftermath of a disaster. This project will assess the public health and medical informational needs of underserved African-American communities via information garnered from Primary Health Care Providers serving African-American and underserved communities. Preparing health care providers to respond to catastrophic events and public health emergencies enhances community resilience to disasters because community-level clinicians have frequent communication with their patients and are seen as trusted sources of information.

Through various assessments including focus groups, key informant interviews and surveys, we will gather information to understand physicians' current knowledge of and training in emergency preparedness, perceived barriers, perceived importance, and resource, training and awareness needs. The data collected will be used to inform the development of the Emergency Preparedness Toolkit for Primary Care Providers. The toolkit will be a resource for providers and provide abroad range of resources and recommendations to assist practices in preparing for emergencies, including general preparedness tips; checklists, templates, developing plans/MOUs; and roles for key personnel and partners.

Completed Project Overview

During Year 1 of the contract (2010 - 2011), staff was hired, several instruments were developed, an advisory committee was assembled and datacollection was conducted. The instruments developed for the project included a survey for primary care providers, key informant interview guideand focus group guides. We used the data results to 1) develop presentations for professional meetings; 2) form the basis of an article; and 3)inform the contents of the toolkit.

The advisory committee provided guidance for the development of the toolkit through regular meetings andfeedback with the project staff. Data collection was conducted through a series of focus groups, key informant interviews and primary careprovider surveys. The completion of these tasks led to the final tasks and deliverables produced in Year 2 of the contract.

Tasks completed in Year 2 of the contract (2011 - 2012) were in the areas of data analysis, presentation of survey results at professional meetings,toolkit development in CD, printed and online versions, and presentations of toolkit contents to primary care providers.

Data analysis of the provider survey revealed several statically significant findings when compared based upon practice type and practice location.These findings were used in the development of presentations shared at professional meetings as well as for the development of the toolkitcontents and the development of a scholarly article.

The full text of the toolkit was developed with guidance from the advisory committee, literature review, current landscape analysis and areas of need as identified during the data collection phase.

See the toolkit

Principal Investigator(s) and Researchers(s)

Meryl McNeal, Ph.D.

Principal Investigator, PACER