Emergency Mass Casualty Planning Scenarios (EMCAPS) V2.0
EMCAPS V2.0 will offer expanded functionality.
Electronic Mass Casualty Assessment and Planning Scenarios
(EMCAPS) Version 1.0, is a scalable program intended to support
emergencypreparedness planning efforts at multiple levels. This
computerized modeling simulation program, which allows users to
manipulate key scenariobasedinput variables that best reflect the
region or locale of interest, was developed to have broad
application across emergency management andpublic health fields as
part of a catastrophic events preparedness planning process. The
program then provides output data which can be used toassess and
tailor response capabilities for specific jurisdictions,
organizations, and health care systems.
EMCAPS Version 2.0 (V2.0) seeks to make the program more
accessible, interactive, and instructive. This new version would
provide users greater flexibility in tailoring a scenario to their
particular location, with additional scenarios to choose from, as
well as more variables for manipulationwithin each scenario.
By expanding EMCAPS and its capabilities, public health, disaster
preparedness and response, and medical operationsplanners will have
more information and options when planning for their localized
Completed Project Overview
Added the following scenarios:
- Explosive Devise - Bus or Rail Bomb.
- Explosive Devise - Open Air Explosiono Explosive Devise -
Indoors with Building Collapse.
- Explosive Devise - Indoors with No Building Collapse.
- Toxic Industrial Chemical Spill - Chlorine
- Food Contamination - Botulismo Food Contamination -
- Food Contamination - Non-Typhoid Salmonella
- Enhanced ALL Food Contamination scenarios (GI Anthrax,
Botulism, Campylobacter, Salmonella) to contain point source
outbreak (as in the original EMCAPS) and a continuous source
outbreak (new functionality).
- In the Biological Attack - Inhalation Anthrax scenario we
upgraded the epidemiologic algorithms based on updated research in
- Made input variables in the software scalable where appropriate
(not complete, still more to do here).
- Modified and reconfigured the entire user interface of the
software to make it more interactive, accessible, time-efficient
and professionallooking. (complete -see electronic resources
- Added the capability to view variables and results in English
and metric units.
- Evaluated the inclusion of mapping capability. Decided that
such inclusion was inordinately complex as there are no
mappingpackages willing to make their software open source in a
sufficient manner for our integration in a cost-effective
- Evaluated inclusion of environmental factors such as wind
speed, temperature, humidity & rain fall in the Toxic
IndustrialSpill scenario. We discovered such functionality already
exists in a tool called Aloha which is the industry standard
forenvironmental impact and measurement of airborne plumes. We
contacted Aloha's engineers and discussed integration withEMCAPS.
Different programming languages represented an obstacle, but not an
insurmountable one. The main concern wasthat to run an integrated
model, users would have to download ALOHA to their computers
separately from EMCAPS.Because of the issues associated with this
we decided not to pursue this enhancement in EMCAPS 2.0.
- Added information elements on admissions and details on the
treatment and observation/admission requirements for