Emergency Mass Casualty Planning Scenarios (EMCAPS) V2.0 


EMCAPS V2.0 will offer expanded functionality.




Electronic Mass Casualty Assessment and Planning Scenarios (EMCAPS) Version 1.0, is a scalable program intended to support emergencypreparedness planning efforts at multiple levels. This computerized modeling simulation program, which allows users to manipulate key scenariobasedinput variables that best reflect the region or locale of interest, was developed to have broad application across emergency management andpublic health fields as part of a catastrophic events preparedness planning process. The program then provides output data which can be used toassess and tailor response capabilities for specific jurisdictions, organizations, and health care systems.

EMCAPS Version 2.0 (V2.0) seeks to make the program more accessible, interactive, and instructive. This new version would provide users greater flexibility in tailoring a scenario to their particular location, with additional scenarios to choose from, as well as more variables for manipulationwithin each scenario.

By expanding EMCAPS and its capabilities, public health, disaster preparedness and response, and medical operationsplanners will have more information and options when planning for their localized area.


Completed Project Overview

Added the following scenarios:

  • Explosive Devise - Bus or Rail Bomb.
  • Explosive Devise - Open Air Explosiono Explosive Devise - Indoors with Building Collapse.
  • Explosive Devise - Indoors with No Building Collapse.
  • Toxic Industrial Chemical Spill - Chlorine
  • Food Contamination - Botulismo Food Contamination - Campylobacter
  • Food Contamination - Non-Typhoid Salmonella
  • Enhanced ALL Food Contamination scenarios (GI Anthrax, Botulism, Campylobacter, Salmonella) to contain point source outbreak (as in the original EMCAPS) and a continuous source outbreak (new functionality).
  • In the Biological Attack - Inhalation Anthrax scenario we upgraded the epidemiologic algorithms based on updated research in this field.
  • Made input variables in the software scalable where appropriate (not complete, still more to do here).
  • Modified and reconfigured the entire user interface of the software to make it more interactive, accessible, time-efficient and professionallooking. (complete -see electronic resources section)
  • Added the capability to view variables and results in English and metric units.
  • Evaluated the inclusion of mapping capability. Decided that such inclusion was inordinately complex as there are no mappingpackages willing to make their software open source in a sufficient manner for our integration in a cost-effective manner.
  • Evaluated inclusion of environmental factors such as wind speed, temperature, humidity & rain fall in the Toxic IndustrialSpill scenario. We discovered such functionality already exists in a tool called Aloha which is the industry standard forenvironmental impact and measurement of airborne plumes. We contacted Aloha's engineers and discussed integration withEMCAPS. Different programming languages represented an obstacle, but not an insurmountable one. The main concern wasthat to run an integrated model, users would have to download ALOHA to their computers separately from EMCAPS.Because of the issues associated with this we decided not to pursue this enhancement in EMCAPS 2.0.
  • Added information elements on admissions and details on the treatment and observation/admission requirements for differentlyexposed groups.



Principal Investigator(s) and Researchers(s)

James J. Scheulen, P.A., M.B.A.

Principal Investigator, PACER