Homeland Security Centers of Excellence
In addition to PACER, there are 11 other Homeland Security
Centers of Excellence. The centers are authorized by Congress and
chosen by the Department's Science & Technology Directorate
through a competitive selection process. Each center is led by a
university in collaboration with partners from other institutions,
agencies, laboratories, and think tanks.
The other Centers of Excellence are:
- The Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of
Terrorism Events (CREATE),led by the University of
Southern California, develops advanced tools to evaluate the
risks, costs and consequences of terrorism.
- The Center for Advancing Microbial Risk Assessment
(CAMRA), led byMichigan State
University and Drexel
University established jointly with theU.S. Environmental
Protection Agency, fills critical gaps in risk assessments for
mitigating microbial hazards.
- The Center of Excellence for Zoonotic and Animal
Disease Defense (ZADD),led by Texas A&M
University and Kansas State
University, protects the nation's agricultural and public
health sectors against high-consequence foreign animal, emerging
and zoonotic disease threats.
- The National Center for Food Protection and Defense
(NCFPD), led by theUniversity of
Minnesota, defends the safety and security of the food system
by conducting research to protect vulnerabilities in the nation's
food supply chain.
- The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism
and Responses to Terrorism (START), led by the University of
Maryland, informs decisions on how to disrupt terrorists and
terrorist groups through empirically-grounded findings on the human
element of the terrorist threat.
- The National Center for the Study of Preparedness
and Catastrophic Event Response (PACER), led by Johns Hopkins
University, optimizes our nation's preparedness in the event of
a high-consequence natural or man-made disaster.
- The Center of Excellence for Awareness &
Location of Explosives-Related Threats (ALERT), led
University and the University of Rhode
Island will develop new means and methods to protect the nation
from explosives-related threats.
- The National Center for Border Security and
Immigration (NCBSI), led by the University of Arizona
in Tucson (research co-lead) and the University of Texas
at El Paso (education co-lead), are developing technologies,
tools, and advanced methods to balance immigration and commerce
with effective border security.
- The Center for Maritime, Island and Remotes and
Extreme Environment Security (MIREES), led by the University of
Hawaii and Stevens Institute of
Technology focuses on developing robust research and education
programs addressing maritime domain awareness to safeguard
populations and properties in geographical areas that present
significant security challenges.
- The Coastal Hazards Center of Excellence
(CHC), led by the University of
North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Jackson State
University in Jackson, Miss., performs research and develops
education programs to enhance the nation's ability to safeguard
populations, properties, and economies from catastrophic natural
- The National Transportation Security Center of
Excellence (NTSCOE) was established in accordance with HR1,
Implementing the Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of
2007, in August 2007. The NTSCOE will develop new technologies,
tools and advanced methods to defend, protect and increase the
resilience of the nation's multimodal transportation. It comprises
- The Center of Excellence in Command, Control and
Interoperability (C2I) led by Purdue
University (visualization sciences co-lead) and Rutgers
University (data sciences co-lead) will create the scientific
basis and enduring technologies needed to analyze massive amounts
of information to detect security threats.
The Centers of Excellence were founded on this mandate:
"The Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Science
and Technology, shall designate a university-based center or
several university-based centers for homeland security. The purpose
of the center or these centers shall be to establish a coordinated,
university-based system to enhance the nation's homeland
-From the Homeland Security Act of 2002